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Are the terms Hinduism and Hindu Religion one and the same?

Are the terms Hinduism and Hindu Religion one and the same

To understand ‘Hindu religion’ we need to have a clear understanding on the following seven terms correlated with the term ‘Hindu’.

1.            Hindu

2.            Hindus

3.            India

4.            Indian worships

5.            Indian Religions

6.            Hinduism and

7.            Hindu religion

1. Hindu:

The term ‘Hindu’ refers to ‘River Sindhu’.  Persians who couldn’t pronounce  the term ‘Sindu’ had pronounced it as ‘Hindu’.   Hence, the word ‘Hindu’ has nothing to do with religion.

2. Hindus:

The term ‘Hindus’ refers to Indians who lived around the River Sindu and hence, the term ‘Hindus’ also has nothing to do with religion.

3. India:

On the basis of the term ‘Hindu’, the nation that has river Sindhu is known as ‘India’.

4. Indian Worships:

Indian worships of pre – Christ era are

1.  Indus Valley Worship

2.  Ancient Tamil Worship and                    

3.  Aryan Worship

5. Indian Religions:

1.  Jainism

2.  Buddhism                    

3.  Saivism

4. Vaishnavism and

5. Sikhism

6. ‘Hinduism’ :

 In 1794 A.D. Sir William Jones  translated Law of Manu from Sanskrit to English. Based on this book  ‘Hindu Law’ was formed for the Indians who were neither Christians nor Muslims and the principles of Law of Manu were christened as ‘Hinduism’.   Thus, the term ‘Hinduism’ referred to the principle of Law of Manu i.e., racism and casteism. 

‘Hindusim is not a religion; but a way of life. It has nothing to do with the concept of God.’ The Supreme Court of India also confirmed it. It should be noted here that before 1794 AD, we do not come across the terms ‘Hinduism’ and ‘Hindu religion’.

A Tank – Weed:

‘Hinduism’ is a system i.e. casteism that upholds discrimination, against the principle of Christ.

‘Hindu Religion’ can be explained as a system that upholds equality, brotherhood and unity, the principles of Christ.

‘Hindu Religion’ of the Tamils, natives of India, is a beautiful tank with plenty of crystal clear water . ‘Hinduism’ of the Aryans, group of foreign invaders and traders, is a mass or weed that has clouded and defrayed the beauty of the tank.

Crystal clear water i.e. ‘Hindu religion’ (system of unity / ‘Divine Unity in Christ’) can be unveiled if the mass i.e., ‘Hinduism’ (system of discrimination / against the concept of ‘Divine Unity’ in Christ)

that dominated and defrayed the beauty of the tank, is removed.

7. Hindu Religion :

The term ‘Hindu Religion’, evolved from the term ‘Hinduism’, refers to Saivism and Vaishnavism, the religions of the Bhakthi Movement. Saivism and Vaishnavism were emerged and evolved in Tamil land due to the mission of St.Thomas, who worked and martyred in Tamil land and Christianity that developed in Tamil land, in Tamil culture and in Tamil language from 1st c.A.D. is now known as ‘Hindu Religion’.1

1.  Saivism and Vaishnavism were the developed forms of Tamil Bhakthi Movement i.e., St.Thomas    Tamil Christianity.

2.  Saivism and Vaishnavism developed in Tamil land  were propagated  by Nayanmars and Alwars of Tamil Nadu.

3.  All the 63 Nayanmars (Saints) of Saivism belonged to Tamil Nadu.

4.  All the 12 Alwars (Saints) of Vaishnavism belonged to Tamil Nadu.

5.  The canon of the twelve holy volumes of Saivism – Thirumurai which is called the ‘Dravida Vedam’, is  found  in Tamil language.

6.  The canon of ‘Nalayira Divya Prabandam’ which is also called the ‘Dravida Vedam’ of Vaishnavism is found in Tamil language.

7.  274 out of the 280 ancient Saivite Temples of India are located in Tamil Nadu.

8.  96 out of the 108 ancient Vaishnavite Temples of India are located in Tamil Nadu.

9.  Prime temple of Saivism is in Chidambaram, which is in Tamil Nadu.

10. Prime temple of Vaishnavism is in Thiruvarangam which is also  in Tamil Nadu.

11. Saiva Siddhantha is the theological exposition of  St.Thomas Tamil Christianity, which is also in Tamil.

Three Phases of Hindu Religion:

Three phases of  Hindu Religion crop up as follows.

a. Worship

b. Religion and

c. Theology

Worship :

Elements of worship occur obviously in Indus Valley and in the early part of Sangam literature and it was a sacrificial worship.

Religion :

1.            Bhakthi Movement

2.            Family of Siva                                                 

3.            Saivism and Vaishnavism – Fulfilment of Sacrifice

Christianity that developed in India from the early centuries of Christian era, say from 1st c.A.D., within the Indian culture, on the Indian soil, and in the Indian language is Early Indian Christianity or St.Thomas Tamil Christianity and its development in the Indian language and culture actualized a great way for the development of Saivism and Vaishavism i.e., Bhakthi Movement. The period of Bhakthi Movement is after the 5th c.A.D., Concept of the family of Siva, in due course developed as Saivism and Vaishnavism, and now known as ‘Hindu religion’.

Vedic – Vedantic Literature:

Vedavyasa had compiled and classified the  worship songs of the Aryans as Rig,Yajur,Sama and Atharva Veda. He is not an Aryan but Dravidian /Tamilian (the term ‘Dravidian’ is the twisted form of the term ‘Tamilian’). He belongs to Vedantic concept i.e. St.Thomas Christianity. He compiled and classified the Vedas in order to proclaim Vedantic concept to the Indians.2

Vedic literature         

               7 Four Vedas (10th Mandala in Rig Veda explains Vedantic concept)

Vedantic Religions:

Vedantic Religions such as 1. Saivism and 2. Vaishnavism were developed in Tamil land.

Vedantic literature:

Saivite and Vaishnavite literature.

1). Literature in Tamil

1) Panniruthirumurai (Saivism) 2) Naalaayira Divyapprabhantham (Vaishnavism) and 3) 14 Saiva Siddhantha Sastras (Theological explanation of St.Thomas Tamil Christianity).

2). Literature in Sanskrit

               1). Ithihasas          2). Epics  and      3). Prasthanathraeya

Vedantic philosophies:

                1. Saivism                          –  Advaita and Saiva Siddhantha

                 2. Vaishnavism                –  Visishtadvaita and Dvaita

Saivism was developed by 63 Nayanmars of Tamil land.

Vaishnavism was developed by 12 Alwars of Tamil land.

Vedantic philosophies such as

1.      Advaita,

2.      Visishtadvaita and

3.      Saiva Saiddhantha were developed in Tamil land.

4.      Dvaita was developed in Karnataka adjacent to Tamil land.

 Clarifications regarding Sanskrit:

Samskrit (‘Sanskrit’) means ‘formed well’.  It is not a natural language, but a code language of the scholars.If it was ‘formed well’ means, naturally there arise four questions as follows:

1.      Who formed it?  2. When was it formed? 3.  Why was it formed? and 4. How was it formed?

In fact Sanskrit was formed by Vedantists in the post – Christ era to proclaim Vedantic concepts all over India, since at that time there was no common link language in India, on the basis of the then existing languages of India viz., 1.  Tamil, 2. Pali,  3. Arthamagathi, 4. Persian,  5. Greek, 6. Aramaic and  7. Latin.

­Sanskrit inscriptions do not occur in the pre – Christ era. First occurrence of Sanskrit is only from150.A.D.

King Ashoka’s inscriptions are in the languages that were existing at that time, and also they were in Greek and Aramaic, the foreign languages that were existing in his kingdom. But none of the inscriptions of Asokan edicts are in Sanskrit.

If Sanskrit was prevalent in the pre-Christ era, king Ashoka would have used Sanskrit in his inscriptions to proclaim the verdict of cessation of sacrifice since sacrifice was very basic for the Aryan worship.3

Vedantists produced Vedantic literature in Sanskrit to proclaim Vedantic concepts all over India. Vedantic concept is based on fulfillment of sacrifice.

Vedic concept is based on sacrifice.Vedantic concept cannot be explained without Vedic concept. Hence Vedantists compiled Vedas to proclaim Vedantic concepts.Vedantic school of thought was named after Vedavyasa.Vedavyasa, a Vedantist, produced both Vedic and Vedantic literature in Sanskrit.

Basic doctrines of Vedantic Religions 4 (Saivism and Vaishnavism)

1. Doctrine of Trinity

2. Doctrine of Avatar (Incarnation)

3. Doctrine of Fulfillment of Sacrifice 

4. Doctrine of Forgiveness of Sin and

5. Doctrine of Salvation by Faith.

Above said five doctrines cannot be seen in the worships and religions of pre – Christ era in India.

Worships and religions of pre – Christ era:

Worships:                                                                    

               1.            Indus Valley Worship                                                   

               2.            Ancient Tamil Worship and                                        

               3.            Aryan Worship

Religions:

               1.            Jainism                                              

               2.            Buddhism

They can further be grouped as follows:

               1.            Worships which practiced sacrifice –

                              Indus Valley worship, Ancient Tamil worship and Aryan worship

               2.            Religions which denied the concept of God

                              Jainism and Buddhism

Above said five doctrines cannot be developed from the Indian worships and religions of pre – Christ era. If so, where did it come from? It is very clear that the said five doctrines of Vedantic school are of Christianity that developed in Tamil land in Tamil culture and in Tamil language i.e., St.Thomas Christianity.

St.Thomas Christians used Tamil and Sanskrit as their tool for propagating St.Thomas Christianity. Without having an in-depth knowledge in Tamil, ancient classical language of India, one cannot understand  St.Thomas Christianity of India.

Five aspects:

Basic doctrines of these religions have been explained in five different aspects as follows: 5

1.            Historical Aspect

2.            Mythical Aspect

3.            Literary Aspect

4.            Iconographic Aspect

5.            Theological Aspect

Historical aspect:6

Origin and development of Saivism and Vaishnavism is historically explained. Substantial evidences are available in archaeology and literature, which indicate the presence of Christianity from the early centuries of post – Christ era.

It is generally believed that origin of Saivism can be traced in the Vedas. Nature worship plays an indispensable role in the Vedas. Vedic Rudra is the god of storms and rain, whereas Siva of Saivism is the Supreme God in Saivism. Likewise Vaishnavite Vishnu has nothing to do with the Vedic Vishnu.  In the Vedas, Vishnu is the sun, a creature whereas Vishnu is the Prime God in Vaishnavism.7

Also it should be noted that the Vedas got written form in the post – Christ era and the fact that first occurrence of Sanskrit inscription in the post – Christ era, are to be taken into account.

Saivism is the religion of Monotheism, whereas Vedas are not the scripture of Monotheism. Absence of temple worship and the concept of family of Siva, clearly indicates that the Vedas do not play any role in the formation of Saivism. Basic doctrines of Saivism viz., Trinity, Avatar  etc., are not transpired in the worships and religions of pre- Christ era. These doctrines are of Christianity and hence they became apparent in Saivism, which is the offshoot of St.Thomas Tamil Christianity that developed in the post- Christ era. Metaphorism of Holy Spirit in female form, among the Trinity, developed as Saivism. and metaphorism of Holy Spirit in male form developed as Vaishnavism.

Mythical aspect:

Doctirne of Trinity. Avatar  etc. are explicated through myths and stories in the grass root level. Basic doctrines of Saivism and Vaishnavism are elucidated through myths in the concept of Family of Siva.

                                                                            Doctrine of Trinity8

Literary aspect:

Foundational literature of Saivism known as ‘Panniru Thirumurai’, is in Tamil. ‘Nalayira Divya Prabhandham’ foundational literature of Vaishnavism is also in Tamil. All the 14 Saiva Siddhantha Sastras are in Tamil. In due course, for the non-Tamils, Saivites and Vaishnavites started writing in Sanskrit, as  Early Christian scriptures of Mediterranean world were written in Aramaic and Greek and in due course they were written in Latin  because of the political influence of Rome. As Latin followed Greek in the Mediterranean world, Sanskrit followed Tamil in the Indian context.

Ancient St.Thoams Tamil Christian Literature:

In the post Christ era, new concepts occur in Indian literature. In Thirukkural, an ancient St. Thomas Tamil Christian literature, (approximately after 2nd c.A.D.) the first three chapters are the invocation of God the Father, God the Holy Spirit and God the Son.

               Invocation of God the Father                      – ‘Kadavulh Vaazhththu’

               Invocation of God the Holy Spirit                – ‘Vaan Sirappu’

               Invocation of God the Son                           – ‘Neeththaar Perumai’.

The phrase .

               “Eyalbudaiya Moovar” (Thirukkural 41)

 refers to Trinity obviously.

Doctrine of Trinity:

In Saivism God is visualized in three forms as

 ‘Aruvam’                    –  (God without form),

 ‘Uruvam’                    –  (God with a form) and

 ‘Aruvuruvam’            –  (God with semiform).

Trinity concept has been explained as follows:

l    God the Father is known as                     –  Siva (both Saivite and  Vaishnavite perspective)

l    God the Holy Spirit is known as              –  Vishnu  (Vaishnavite perspective)

l    God the Son (Christ) is known as            –  Brahma (Vaishnavite perspective)

In Saivism Trinity is expounded  by Thirugnana sampanthar in Tevaram as follows:

‘The Triune Prime God’ 9

” The eternal God( Siva) and the Ornamented one (Vitnu).

   And the eternal one on the Lotus (Brahma).

   If examined are one and the same

But the ignorant are confused” 10

In Vaishnavism Trinity is expressed as follows:

               ‘Moovaraahiya Moorthiyai’11

               (Triune God)

               ‘Moovaraahiya Oruvanai’12

               (Triune person)

               ‘Udambu Uruvil Moonronroi’ 13

               (One in Trinity in the bodily appearence)

Doctrine of Avatar:

The purpose of the avatar of God is explained in Saivism as follows:

“Iravaa inbaththu yemai iruththa vendip

 piravaa muthalvan piranthaan”  14

(The unborn prime God was born to give us eternal pleasure.)

Vaishnavism explains that God was born so that He could deliver man from sinful nature and give a new life. This is being sung as follows:

               “Poinninra gnanamum pollaa olukkum alukkudambhum

               inninra neermai ini yaam vuraamai vuyir alippaan

               enninra yoniumaai piranthaai imaiyore thalaivaa”15

(God was born from a noble woman in order to give us a new life so that deceptive knowledge, immorality and unclean body would not possess us)

God became an avatar so that man can be liberated from the bondage of sin to acquire eternal happiness.

Doctrine of Fulfilment of Sacrifice:

Sacrifice / Thavam:

‘Aviyaai aviyumaagi arukkamaai perukkamaagi

 paaviyar paavam theerkum paramanoi Brahmanaagi’16

(The supreme God became Brahma and He is the sacrifice and sacrificed Himself in order to redeem sinners from their sin)

God who accepted the penance of the suffering of death and offered Himself as a sacrifice is being praised in the following Saivite songs.

  ‘Aviyumaagi’ 17 (One who became the sacrifice)

‘Penance’ doesn’t refer to the penance that is being observed by a hermit in a forest. Thiruvalluvar says that real penance is sacrificing ones own life for others.

                              ‘Thannuir thaanarap peruthal’ 18

The same concept is explained in Vaishnavism as follows.

                              ‘Thaanae dhava vuruvum’ 19

(He is the embodiment of penance)

                              ‘Sinthanaiyai dhavaneriyai thirumaalai’20

(He is our thought who is a path through his penance of sacrifice and is Thirumal)

The songs mentioned above explain that God became man and sacrificed Himself in order to redeem the sinners.

Doctrine of Salvation by Faith:

Redemption:

               ‘I will deliver thee from all sins’ 21

says Bhagavad – Gita.

Vaishnavism denotes this as ‘Kshethram’ or ‘Kshethranggnan’.

The redeemed souls are the temples of God;

 Thirumular says,

 ‘Ullam perungovil voon udambu aalayam’22

( Our soul is the ‘Sanctum Sanctorum’ and our body is the temple)

Iconographic aspect:

Iconography plays a significant role in understanding the history of belief systems of a society. Careful analysis of the development of Iconography in India through the ages reveals that, God taking the form of a man has led to the rapid development of worshipping God in anthropomorphic form in large number in Hindu religion. Later on concepts of Saivism and Vaishnavism when got corrupted, that was reflected in the sculptures. Identifying corruption, dilution and deviation which  took place in Hindu religion in due course, will pave a way for understanding the original concepts of Saivism and Viashnavism, expressed in sculptures.

Theological aspect :

Saiva Siddhantha Sastras are Theological expositions of St.Thomas Tamil  Christianity. Saivism that originated in Tamil land, developed into 14 Saivasithanda sastras in its theological aspect. Their period was 12th to 14th centuries A.D.  Sivagnanapotham explains clearly the three facts of creation of man, his fall and redemption.It speaks clearly about Pathi, Pasu, Paasam.

                                             Pathi                                    Pasu                                     Paasam

                                             God                                      Soul                                     World

According to Sivagnanapotham ,  God is the Creator of the whole Universe,  and has power over His creature; generates, protects and conceals everything in Him and He is the redeemer. He is “Siva Satthu”i.e., ‘God of Love.’ ‘Eighth Sutra of Sivagnanapotham and its explanation can be compared with the concept of ‘Persona’. According to Sivagnanapotham God, Grace of God i.e., Holy Spirit and Guru (Teacher) i.e., God in human form, are of same essence. All three are hypostasis. Christological affirmation, Binitarian affirmation and Trinitarian affirmation are noteworthy in sivagnanapotham.‘Siva Sattu’, which became’Guru’ through ‘Tamiarul’ , clearly reveals the ‘Trinitarian concept’ in Sivagnanapotham.

Supreme Sacrifice:

Saiva Siddhantha says that God’s sacrifice is the Supreme Sacrifice that surpasses the sacrifices of all the penitential hermits who take upon themselves all the sufferings in the world.  Among the sacrifices that are done to lose one’s life,  the Supreme Sacrifice is the one in which God sacrificed His life by suffering on the cross. By saving souls from the darkest corner and by bringing them to the light of the courtyard, His sacrifice alone becomes the Supreme sacrifice.

Thirvunthiyaar says this truth in the following words:

                               ‘Moolai irunthaarai mutraththe vittavar

                              Saalap periyarentrunthiipara

                              Thavathil thalaivarentruthiipara’ 23       

Once the soul is cleansed from its sin through the sacrifice of God, it is freed from sin and it becomes a temple of God. This is explained as follows,

                “Semmalar nonthaal seral ottaa

                ammalam kaliee anbarodu mariyee

                maalara neyam malinthavar vaedamum

                aalayam thaanum aran yena tholhumae” 24

 (Once God cleanses a soul which is separated by sin from the feet of God which looks like a red flower because of His sacrifice (nonbu), it is freed from confusion, overflows with love of God, reaches the feet of God and become a temple of God.)

Summary…..

1. Sangam Tamil literature (approximately from 3rd c.B.C. to 3rd c.A.D.) make references about Greeks, Romans, Jews and Syrians as ’. Yavanas’.

2. In Tamil Nadu, archaeologists have excavated a large number of coins of King Augustus, a Yavana, who was the ruler of Roman empire at the time when Jesus Christ was born.

3. In Taxila, archaeologists have excavated a large number of coins of King Gondophores, with whom, it is traditionally said that St.Thomas, a Yavana, had religious discourses.

4. It is a tradition that St.Thomas, a Yavana  came to Taxila, from where Mahayana Buddhism and Icons of Mahayana Buddhism were formed. The traditions also say that St.Thomas proceeded from Taxila  to Tamil land through Kerala.The traditions also say that he was martyred and buried in Mylapore of Tamil land, from where the Tamil Bhakthi Movement originated.

5. An ancient Tamil literature of St.Thomas Tamil Christianity is Thirukkural.

6. Syrian Christianity that existed in Kerala, a part of Tamil land, from 4th.c.A.D. is different from Early Indian Christianity.

7. A common belief is that the Vedas and Sanskrit language are very ancient. But the fact is that the first occurrence of  Sanskrit      Inscription  is 150 A.D. only and the Vedas got their written form by Veda Vyasa, a Dravidian, in the post – Christ era.   Also it should be carefully noted that ancient Sanskrit literature are of Early Indian Christianity i.e., Mahayana Buddhism, Saivism and Vaishnavism.

8. Saivism and Vaishnavism were the developed forms of Tamil Bhakthi Movement i.e., St.Thomas Tamil Christianity.

9. Saivism and Vaishnavism developed in Tamil land  were propagated  by Nayanmars and Alwars of Tamil Nadu.

10. All the 63 Nayanmars (Saints) of Saivism belonged to Tamil Nadu.

11. All the 12 Alwars (Saints) of Vaishnavism belonged to Tamil Nadu.

12. The canon of the twelve holy volume of Saivism – Thirumurai which is called the ‘Dravida Vedam’, is  found  in Tamil language.

13. The canon of ‘Nalayira Divya Prabandam’ which is called the ‘Dravida Vedam’ of Vaishnavism is found in Tamil language.

14. 274 out of the 280 ancient Saivite Temples of India are located in Tamil Nadu.

15. 96 out of the 108 ancient Vaishnavite Temples of India are located in Tamil Nadu.

16. Prime temple of Saivism is in Chidambaram, which is in Tamil Nadu.

17. Prime temple of Vaishnavism is in Thiruvarangam which is also  in Tamil Nadu.

18. Saiva Siddhantha is the theological exposition of Early Indian Christianity, which is also in Tamil.

19. History of Indian religions and literature reveals that St.Thomas Tamil Christian literature are  developed and canonised only in Tamil. Just as Early Christian literature developed in Roman Empire is found in Greek, St.Thomas Tamil Christian literature developed in Tamil Nadu is found in Tamil. As Latin followed Greek in respect of European Christianity, Sanskrit followed Tamil in respect of St.Thomas Tamil Christianity.

Soulology:

Development of ‘Soulology, study on Soul, that brings unity and brotherhood in the world society can be clearly seen in Hindu religious literature.

Soulology, the crown of Hindu religion and the religions of the world is systematically developed in Tamil and Sivagnanapotham, the crown of Hindu religion stands as an incomparable book on Soulology.  

——————————

Footnotes:

1.  Dr. M. Deivanayagam, Comparative Study of Bible, Thirukkural and Saiva Siddhanta , International Institute of Tamil Studies, Madras 113, 1985.

2. (i) Dr. M. Deivanayagam, Op. Cit.,

    (ii)  Dr. D. Devakala Orgin of Development of Tamil Bhakthi Movement in the light of Bible,    Madras University, 1993. 

   (iii) Dr. Devakala, India is a Thomas Dravidian Christian Nation. How? (In Tamil), Meipporul Publishers, 2005.

3. Dr. Alexander Harris, http://www.appiusforum.net/paper.pdf.

4.  (i) Dr. M. Deivanayagam, Op. Cit.,

     (ii)  Dr. D. Devakala Orgin of Development of Tamil Bhakthi Movement in the light of Bible, Madras University, 1993. 

    (iii) Dr. Deva kala, India is a Thomas Dravidian Christian Nation. How? (In Tamil), Meipporul Publishers, 2005.

5. (Ibid)

6. Dr. D. Devakala, Hindu Religion is the offshoot of St. Thomas Dravidian Christianity, Meipporul Publishers, Chennai 2006, Pp. 23-24

7. (i) Dr. M. Deivanayagam, Op. Cit.,

    (ii)  Dr. D. Devakala Orgin of Development of Tamil Bhakthi Movement in the light of Bible, Madras University, 1993.

    (iii) Dr. Devakala, India is a Thomas Dravidian Christian Nation. How?, Meipporul Publishers, 2005.    

8. Dr. Devakala, India is a Thomas Dravidian Christian Nation. How?, Meipporul Publishers, 2005 Pp.156-162

9. Thirugnana Sampantha Swamigal Devaram (Thalamurai), Sri Kasi Mutt, Thirupananthal 612 504, F.Ed.,1988, S.No.154 (1)

10. Thirumanthiram – 52

11. Nammalvar Thiruvoimozhi 3-6-2 (2360)

12. Periya Thirumozhi 3-1-10 (1157)

13. Periya Thirumozhi 2-5-3

14. Potripahrodai-69

15. Nammalvar Thiruvirutham 1-3580

16. Thirunavukkarasar Devaram – s. no. 320

17. Appar 307-8

18. Thirukkural – 268

19. Nalaryira Divya Prabhandam-lyarpa mundram Thiruvanthaathi-38-4321

20. Periya Thirumozhi 6-3-7 (1404)

21. Bhagavadgita-18.66

22. Thirumular Thirumandiram 1792

23. Thiruvunthiyar. 12

24. Sivagnanapodham. 12

————————————-

ARTICLES:

Soulology of the Tamils that Brings Unity and Brotherhood in the world Society

Are the terms Hinduism and Hindu Religion one and the same?

Theological Foundation of Hindu Religion

Worships – Religions- Soulology of India  – Through the Ages

Origin of Racism and Casteism in the World  Society

Indus valley  – Dravidian Culture

  who are the Aryans?

  Who are the Dravidians?

Books:

Hindu Religion is the off shoot of St. Thomas Dravidian Christianity

Creeds and Doctrine of Trinity

Who are the Indian Dalits?

St. Thomas Dravidian Christianity and Iconography

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